The Right to the Throne. The contradiction states: Jeremiah 22:30, “…For no man of his descendants (Jeconiah) will prosper sitting on the throne of David or ruling again in Judah.” And, Luke 1:32, it says of Jesus, “He will be great, and will be called the Son of the Most High; and the Lord God will give Him the throne of His father David;
How can Jesus claim the throne of David as a descendant of Jeconiah?
As you look closely into the genealogy of Jesus you will find a controversy surrounding Jesus’ right to the throne of David.
In Jeremiah 22:24-30, the prophet mentions a curse placed on a member among Jesus’ ancestors, listed in Matthew 1:11, Jeconiah, (your Bible could have these different names for the same person, Coniah or Jehoiachin.)
The curse states in verse 30, “Thus says the Lord, ‘Write this man down childless, a man who will not prosper in his days; for no man of his descendants will prosper sitting on the throne of David or ruling again in Judah.’”
In Luke 1:32 it says of Jesus, “He will be great, and will be called the Son of the Most High; and the Lord God will give Him the throne of His father David;”
Since the requirement for the throne of David is to be a descendant of David, Joseph being a descendant of the cursed Jeconiah disqualifies all his sons, including Jesus.
So how could Jesus claim the right to the throne of David as a descendant of Jeconiah?
One thing to remember is the scribes and Pharisees of Jesus’ day did not dispute His right to the throne of David, but instead challenged His claim of being one with God. This dispute didn’t surface until the third century.
If Joseph’s side was disqualified because of the curse it stands to reason that Mary’s side would be an option.
In Matthew’s list of Jesus’ genealogy in 1:6, it shows the line to be from David’s son Solomon, but in Luke 3:31 we can see the genealogy of Jesus is from David’s son Nathan, which Israeli tradition say’s is Mary’s side of the family.
Jesus was able to claim the right to the throne through Mary’s side of the family because of a law that was put into place in Moses time.
There were five daughters of Zelophehed whose father died and they came to Moses because they did not want to lose their inheritance, the law was if a man had no sons his estate would go to his brothers, Numbers 27: 1-11.
In verse 8 God says to Moses, “Further, you shall speak to the sons of Israel, saying, if a man dies and has no sons then you shall transfer his inheritance to his daughter.”
It is believed that Eli, Mary’s father had no sons, which is why the genealogy says, “…being supposedly the son of Joseph, the son of Eli,” linking Jesus to Eli the next male in the genealogy.
Because of this law Jesus is able to claim the throne through David’s son Nathan.