Everyone has their own particular style of study and you will discover the right method for you when you form a habit of study, but understanding the Bible only comes from the Spirit of God. If you have believed in the Lord Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins, then the Holy Spirit of God lives in you and will give you understanding into the truth of His word, if you have not, then the Bible will always remain to you a clouded mystery.
Always begin study with asking God to reveal the truth of His word to you. Personally, my favorite way to study is by answering controversial questions. When I find a questionable scripture or have seen one online, I first form it into a question and write it out in a notebook. Then I attempt to answer it by reading relevant scriptures, books and commentaries. I use both the Webster’s and Hebrew dictionaries, looking up the meaning to the words in question. I also have the Blue Letter Bible app on my phone, which gives each Bible verse with commentaries and dictionary meanings.
Here is an example of how I studied a controversy common during Christmas time, “Why are the names of Jesus’ genealogy in Matthew 1 and Luke 3 different?” In this case I wrote every name in Jesus’ genealogy out on paper, side by side, finding all of the names being the same until King David’s sons. You can read the result in the link below.
Bible study takes time, and truth is revealed little by little. I study many different subjects at once putting them aside for a time, waiting for the Holy Spirit to reveal another aspect to the answer, then picking it up again until I have the answer. We must remember only God has all the truth and answers, so even if you think you have arrived at the answer and are confident it is true, do not dismiss any new revelation as false, but study the subject again and prove whether it can be added to what you have already learned or whether it should be dismissed.
I hope this helps in your desire to study the Bible, God wants us to delve into His word learning all of it because it not only keeps us from being deceived but helps us to understand His character and His great love for us.
Psalm 119:160, “The entirety of Your word is truth, And every one of Your righteous judgments endures forever.”